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P. Schuetz; A. Caflisch

Journal: Phys. Rev. E
Year: 2008
Volume: 77
Issue: 4.2
Pages: 046112
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.77.046112
Type of Publication: Journal Article

clusterization; communities; graph; greedy algorithm; modularity; network analysis


Identifying strongly connected substructures in large networks provides insight into their coarse-grained organization. Several approaches based on the optimization of a quality function, e.g., the modularity, have been proposed. We present here a multistep extension of the greedy algorithm (MSG) that allows the merging of more than one pair of communities at each iteration step. The essential idea is to prevent the premature condensation into few large communities. Upon convergence of the MSG a simple refinement procedure called "vertex mover" (VM) is used for reassigning vertices to neighboring communities to improve the final modularity value. With an appropriate choice of the step width, the combined MSG-VM algorithm is able to find solutions of higher modularity than those reported previously. The multistep extension does not alter the scaling of computational cost of the greedy algorithm.