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N. Budin; N. Majeux; C. Tenette-Souaille; A. Caflisch

Journal: J. Comput. Chem.
Year: 2001
Volume: 22
Issue: 16
Pages: 1956–1970
DOI: 10.1002/jcc.1145
Type of Publication: Journal Article

genetic algorithm; implicit solvation; ligand docking; peptidomimetics; structure-based design


Program to engineer peptides (PEP) is a build-up approach for ligand docking and design with implicit solvation. It requires the knowledge of a seed from which it iteratively grows polymeric ligands consisting of any type of amino acid, i.e., natural and/or nonnatural from a user-defined library. At every growing step, a genetic algorithm is used for conformational optimization of the last added monomer in the rigid binding site. Pruning is performed at every growing step by selecting sequences according to binding energy with electrostatic solvation. PEP is applied to three members of the caspase family of cysteine proteases using Asp at P1 as seed. The optimal P4–P2 peptide recognition motifs and variants thereof are docked correctly in the active site (backbone root-mean-square deviation